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Reactions may be local and general:
The local reactions may occur at the point where inoculated vaccines, in order, with redness, swelling and hardening of the part. The location of the injections must be kept under observation, and if the local reaction occurs, you can apply locally a drug heparinoid (Hirudoid ointment) to accelerate the spontaneous resolution.
The general reaction, most frequently described, is the increase of temperature (or fever). Against this adverse reaction is adopted the following protocol:
- The temperature, preferably, is measured by the classical
mercury thermometer, the place is armpit or groin, and the time was about 5 minutes the threshold value is 38°C.
- For values less than or equal to 38°C does not make any drug treatment.
- For values greater than 38°C using paracetamol (common brands: Panadol, Disprol, Calpol, Medinol, Paldesic, Alvedon, Perfalgan) preferably in formulations orally (drops or syrup), because absorption is more regular than the wording rectally (suppositories). Your doctor will work out the amount of paracetamol (the dose) that is right for your child. The dose will be shown on the medicine label. The drug has an analgesic and antipyretic effect, for this can also be used to control pain caused by local reaction, manifested by the child with inconsolable crying, too protracted.
The effect of the drug lasts about 4-5 hours, if after this time interval the temperature is again above 38°C is re-administered the drug. Your child should start to feel less pain about 30 minutes after taking paracetamol tablets or medicine. It may take up to an hour for a suppository to work properly. Fever vaccination is not never lasts more than 48 hours after administration of the vaccine; if this happens we must ask the pediatrician, because the fever in these cases, it is more comparable to a vaccination.
The paracetamol is available as:
- Tablets (500 mg). Tablets should be swallowed with a glass of water, juice or similar. Your child should not chew the tablets.
- Dispersible tablets (120 mg, 500 mg). Dissolve the tablet in a glass of water. Your child should drink it straight away. Make sure that they drink it all. You can give the mixture to your child using a spoon or oral syringe.
- Liquid medicine or syrup (120 mg or 250 mg in 5 mL) – sugar-free versions are available. Measure out the right amount using a medicine spoon or oral syringe. You can get these from your pharmacist. Do not use a kitchen teaspoon as it will not give the right amount.
- Suppositories (a range of strengths is available).